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Posts Tagged ‘Pyrolysis Fuel System’


Scrap Tyres & Oil

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Can you imagine discovering an oil field that produces 110,000 barrels of refined diesel oil per year? One that requires no exploration, no wellhead drilling & replenishes itself each year with more oil than you started with? What if you actually got paid to process the oil field and got to keep the oil at the same time? What if we told you that you would also be preventing pollution and producing carbon credits at the same time? It’s not science fiction; it is just one part of our business model.

A tyre pyrolysis facility that processes 100 tonnes of scrap tires per day produces the following each year:

• One 20 pound tire produces .875 US gallons of oil
• A 100 TPD tyre pyrolysis plant produces 110,000 barrels of oil a year
• A 100 TPD tire pyrolysis plant produces 300 barrels of oil a day.

A commercially proven solution that produces over 15x more than the average producing US oil well!

There are over 350 million scrap tires produced in the US each year. If all these were processed by our Tyrolysis Systems, approximately 7 million barrels of oil would be produced each year.

The Oxford tire dump Westley California is a typical US tire dump with over 14 million tires. A 100 ton per day Klean Industries plant could process these tires in 6 years and produce over 600,000 barrels of oil.

The US Energy Information Administration reports that in 2006 the average cost to drill for oil in the domestic US was $1.4 million per hole. This does not include the cost of exploration, rights, or any other costs. By comparison, a Tyrolysis Plant can source and produce oil without exploration or drilling.

The oil is delivered to our facility & we are paid to process it. As long as vehicles run our roads the source of our oil renews itself each year, in fact our source of oil is expanding as world consumption of tires is expected to rise from 1.5 billion to 3 billion by 2012.

Thank you for your interest in Tyre Pyrolysis Plants, for more information and to arrange a consultation with the Tyre Pyrolysis Plant (“TPP”) please contact us.

To learn more about our tyres to oil technologies and for plant quotations and equipment inquires please contact our technology suppliers directly and they will respond in 72 hours – Klean Industries Inc.

Tyre Pyrolysis Oil

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By using a pyrolysis based thermal distillation system and thermally decomposing 1 ton of waste tires it is possible to adjust the processing parameters so that you can produce more oil and less residual char. Our current activities have plants in operation that consistently produce approximately 450 litres of pyrolysis oil, 150 kg of steel wire and 340 kg of carbon black from every metric tonne (non-condensable gases used for process heat). The vast amount of alternatives to waste tire disposal lead to landfills and combust based solutions which obviously damage the environment. Utilizing a pyrolysis based technology for scrap tires and waste rubber products saves the environment and yields 3 highly valuable end products that are highly sought after in the market place.

The gases produced using pyrolysis are processed through a commercial grade condenser to recover a high grade pyrolysis oil. The recovered oil has specific gravity of approximately about 0.90 to 0.98 and a sulphur content of less than 1.5%. The pyrolysis oil is then further fractionated and filtered prior to sale and use as a #2 diesel heating oil. It is a type of Light Fuel Oil or commonly named LFO.

Unfiltered oil has residual carbon in the oil smaller than 10 micron however on a standalone basis it is highly suitable for package burner systems which typically will have 0.3 mm or 300 micron nozzle diameter which prevents any residual carbon formations on the nozzles.

The calorific value of the tire oil is 43.8 MJ or 10,500 kcal per kg which is similar to that of diesel and gasoline.

Another end product related to the scrap tire pyrolysis is the carbon char. After separation from the steel wire, the solid residual from the pyrolysis process is the carbon char usually in a mixed form of agglomerations and powder. The high grade carbon char residual has a fixed carbon content of not less than 85% with an ash content ranging from 7% to 14%. By using our unique and commercially proven process we upgrade this carbon rich char into carbon black. From multiple laboratory analysis with major carbon black producers we reduce the ash content consistently below 10% and sulphur below 1% while also removing other metals such as magnesium, copper, iron and zinc.

The calorific value of the tire derived carbon char is 26 MJ or 6,200 kcal per kg which makes it an excellent clean burning solid fuel as a coal replacement. A simple briquette system is all that is required to make it suitable for combustion boilers and standard carbon burners can combust it on a standalone basis, however it should be noted that far more value is derived when it is upgraded into our green carbon product that has a net CO2e saving of approximately 10 to 1.

The steel wire recovered from the process is briquetted and sold into the scrap steel market for recycling.

A continuous tire pyrolysis plant usually requires approximately 50 litres of diesel fuel or 2,100 MJ of heat to process and convert every metric tonne of scrap tires into oil, carbon and steel. Batch plants on the other hand use twice as much fuel as continuous system configurations.

The heat from the end products will generate 16,800 MJ from the combust of the fuel oil and another 7,000 MJ from combustion of the carbon for a total thermal heat content of 23,800 MJ. There is therefore a minimum of 11 times gain in heat by recovering the heat energy from waste tires which makes the process a highly viable option for regaining substantial value from scrap and waste tires.

Thank you for your interest in Tyre Pyrolysis Plants, for more information and to arrange a consultation with the Tyre Pyrolysis Plant (“TPP”) please contact us.

To learn more about our tyres to oil technologies and for plant quotations and equipment inquires please contact our technology suppliers directly and they will respond in 72 hours – Klean Industries Inc.

Fractional Distillation

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Fractional distillation differs from distillation only in that it separates a mixture into a number of different parts, called fractions. A tall column is fitted above the mixture, with several condensers coming off at different heights. The column is hot at the bottom and cool at the top. Substances with high boiling points condense at the bottom and substances with low boiling points condense at the top. Like distillation, fractional distillation works because the different substances in the mixture have different boiling points.

The diagram above summarizes the main fractions from crude oil and their uses, and the trends in properties. Note that the gases condense at the top of the column, the liquids in the middle and the solids stay at the bottom.

The main fractions include refinery gases, gasoline (petrol), naphtha, kerosene, diesel oil, fuel oil, and a residue that contains bitumen. These fractions are mainly used as fuels, although they do have other uses too.

Hydrocarbons with small molecules make better fuels than hydrocarbons with large molecules because they are volatile, flow easily and are easily ignited.

Thank you for your interest in Tyre Pyrolysis Plants, for more information and to arrange a consultation with the Tyre Pyrolysis Plant (“TPP”) please contact us.

To learn more about our tyres to oil technologies and for plant quotations and equipment inquires please contact our technology suppliers directly and they will respond in 72 hours – Klean Industries Inc.